ROMANTIZOVANJE ILI ROMANTIČARSKO OSPORAVANJE PROSVETITELJSTVA?

  • PREDRAG KRSTIĆ Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, Univerzitet u Beogradu
Ključne reči: prosvetiteljstvo, romantizam, racionalnost, organizacija, dominacija, umetnost

Apstrakt

U članku se tvrdi da rani romantizam, artikulišući vlastito stanovište, upućuje prosvećenosti jednu „estetičku“ primedbu i da se ta primedba može protegnuti do duboko u dvadeseti vek. Autor rada je, posle Šlegela i njegove škole, pronalazi ne samo u Veberovoj dijagnostici institucionalizovane racionalnosti zapadne civilizacije, te u Dijalektici prosvetiteljstva Horkhajmera i Adorna i kritici ciljno orijentisanog ili instrumentalnog uma savremenosti koja je usledila, već i, na drugačiji način, kod Fukoa, braće Beme, pa čak i u filozofiji postmoderne i neopragmatizma. Zaključuje se da je svim tim orijentacijama zajednička detekcija manjka samoprosvećenosti prosvetiteljstva, izostanak njegove autoreferentne korekcije, neobračunavanje troškova ogrešenja o ono njegovo „drugo“, što onda bilo nepovratno ili ipak nekako još ispravljivo, potkopava njegov izvorni kritički i emancipatorski program.

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