KAKO BI DEMOKRIT MOGAO DA ODGOVORI NA TEOFRASTOVE PRIGOVORE?

  • IRINA DERETIĆ Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu
Ključne reči: Demokritova teorija viđenja, Teofrastovi prigovori, εἴδωλα, atomi, analogija sa voštanom pločom

Apstrakt

U ovom radu kritički preispitujem Demokritovu teoriju vizualnog opažanja i to pre svega na osnovu Teofrastovog spisa De sensibus, premda se u radu koriste i drugi izvori. Nastojim da pokažem kako je Abderanin, pored kauzalnog i materijalističkog, koristio i druge modele za objašnjenje vizualnog opažanja. Postoji svedočanstvo koje upućuje na to da je Demokrit upotrebljavao matematičko znanje ne bi li dublje objasnio perspektivu i druge elemente viđenja. U radu se detaljno razmatra eksplanatorni smisao i značaj Demokritove analogije sa otiscima u vosku, što će postati čuvenom i opštim mestom u istoriji epistemologije. Uprkos tome što su Teofrastovi argumenti dobro osmišljeni i artikulisani, intencija ovog rada u celini jeste da se pokaže kako je Demokrit stvorio vrlo sofisticiranu i utemeljenu teoriju vizualnog opažanja koja može u znatnoj meri da uspešno odgovori na Teofrastove prigovore.

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25. 05. 2018.
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