SOCIOEMOCIONALNA POSVEĆENOST RODITELJA DECE SA SMETNJAMA U RAZVOJU: RAZLIKE IZMEĐU MAJKI I OČEVA

Milana Rajić, Ivana Mihić

Апстракт


Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita da li postoje statistički značajne razlike u socioemocionalnoj posvećenosti između roditelja dece sa smetnjama u razvoju i roditelja dece tipičnog razvoja, i na kojim dimenzijama socioemocionalne posvećenosti su te razlike najizraženije. Takođe ispitan je i efekat pola na kvalitet socioemocionalne posvećenosti obe grupe roditelja. U istraživanju je učestvovalo 202 roditeljska para, a od toga je bilo 75 parova roditelja dece sa smetnjama u razvoju, za koje je izrađen individualni obrazovni plan i 127 parova roditelja dece tipičnog razvoja. Podaci su prikupljeni u predškolskim ustanovama, na području Vojvodine. Kao mera kvaliteta socioemocionalne posvećenosti roditelja korišćen je Upitnik o socioemocionalnoj posvećenosti roditelja (PIC-Parent Investment in Child, Bradley 1997). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na statistički značajno niži kvalitet socioemocionalne posvećenosti kod roditelja dece sa smetnjama u razvoju (F=10.72; df(1); p<.01). Analizom razlika u socioemocionalnoj posvećenosti pokazano je da je prihvatanje roditeljske uloge dimenzija po kojoj se dve grupe roditelja najviše razlikuju (wλ=0.94, F(4,346)=5.68, p<.01). Dobijeni rezultati interpretirani su u skladu sa teorijskim polazištem i nalazima ranijih istraživanja, ali i u svetlu implikacija za planiranje podrške za ove porodice.

Кључне речи


oditelji dece sa smetnjama u razvoju, kvalitet brige, socioemocionalna posvećenost

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Reference


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/gff.2015.2.137-152

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