MEMORIJSKE DISTORZIJE U ISTRAŽIVANJU EMOCIJA

Ana Genc

Апстракт


Psihologe su odvajkada intrigirali razni aspketi funkcionisanja ljudskog pamćenja. Kapacitet memorije prosečnog odraslog čoveka, razni viši kognitivni procesi koji su krucijalni za kodiranje, skladištenje i organizaciju sećanja, kao i fenomen zaboravljanja – samo su neke od tema koje su naučnici intenzivno izučavali u okviru raznih subdisciplina psihologije. U ovom preglednom članku prvo je dat detaljan prikaz najpoznatijih rezultata empirijskih istraživanja koja su se bavila tačnošću sećanja na emocionalno obojene događaje iz prošlosti. Opisane su do sada otkrivene pravilnosti u javljanju tzv. memorijskih distorzija u sećanjima na osećanja izazvana prošlim intenzivnim i značajnim iskustvima. U drugom delu rada fenomen memorijskih iskrivljenja smešten je u širi konceptualni okvir stres-procesa i predstavljena su empirijska istraživanja koja su imala za cilj utvrđivanje stepena tačnosti sećanja na suočavanje sa raznim stresnim transakcijama koje su se odvijale u prošlosti. Takođe, prodiskutovana je uloga osobine neuroticizma u nastanku memorijskih distorzija.

Кључне речи


memorijske distorzije, emocije, suočavanje sa stresom, neuroticizam

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/gff.2015.2.153-168

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