VIOLENCE AS THE WEAPON OF POLITICAL PARTIES. THE OPERATION OF ORJUNA AND SRNAO IN VOJVODINA (1922 – 1924)

ZOLTÁN DÉVAVÁRI

Abstract


This paper deals with the ideology, terror and operations of the ORJUNA (Organization of Yugoslav Nationalists) and the SRNAO (Serbian National Youth) in Vojvodina. These organizations had an important and determining role in the political life of the Kingdom of SHS (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes).
The foundation and operation of the ORUJNA and the SRNAO had a great impact on political and everyday life in Vojvodina and determined the lives of minorities (Hungarians, Germans and Jews) living in this new South Slavic state. In spite of the fact that influential movements greatly influenced the internal affairs of the Kingdom of SHS in the first decade of its existence (1918-1929), the literature on the ORJUNA and the SRNAO is incomplete to this day.
Therefore, in addition to the relevant literature, this paper introduces and analyses the activity of the ORJUNA and the SRNAO concerning the minorities in Vojvodina by focusing on the period between the two elections from 18 March 1923 to 8 January 1925 using sources such as the liberal Bácsmegyei Napló in Subotica, the Hungarian Party’s Hírlap, the 1922-1925 issue of Torontál in Zrenjanin and the Catholic Délbácska in Novi Sad.
The unfamiliarity, lack of analysis and importance of this topic require further research in the relevant archives.

Keywords


ORJUNA, SRNAO, Democratic Party, Radical Party, violence, terror, minorities

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/i.2017.28.147-170

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