PSIHO-FIZIČKO ZDRAVLJE TOKOM PRODUŽENE NEZAPOSLENOSTI: LONGITUDINALNI PODACI

Nebojša Majstorović, Boris Popov, Jelena Matanović, Vanja Slijepčević

Apstrakt


Istraživanja efekata nezaposlenosti na zdravlje pokazuju nekonzistentne nalaze, kako u pogledu stabilnosti i faktora ukupnog zdravlja tokom trajanja nezaposlenosti, tako i u pogledu značaja faktora na osnovu kojih se može pouzdano predviđati zdravlje nezaposlenih osoba. Na uzorku od 222 nezaposlene osobe u Republici Srbiji sprovedeno je istraživanje sa ciljem analize faktora nivoa ukupnog psiho-fizičkog zdravlja. Primenom longitudinalnog nacrta istraživanja izvršena su tri ponovljena merenja ukupnog zdravlja nezaposlenih (mart 2012., oktobar 2012. i maj 2013. godine) u četiri regiona Republike Srbije. Rezultati pokazuju da tokom 14 meseci studije nezaposleni izveštavaju o začajno manje simptoma poremećaja zdravlja, da su nezaposlene žene vulnerabilnija grupa po većini aspekata zdravlja, da najstariji nezaposleni pokazuju i najčešće simptome poremećaja zdravlja, da gubitak posla ne proizvodi različite efekte na zdravlje kod osoba sa različitim nivoom obrazovanja. Nalazi su razmatrani u svetlu rezultata prethodnih istraživanja.

Ključne reči


nezaposlenost, psiho-fizičko zdravlje, longitudinalni podaci

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/pp.2016.4.379-394

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