PROFESIONALNI RAZVOJ U ADOLESCENCIJI: KONSTRUKCIJA KARIJERE, POTEŠKOĆE U DONOŠENJU PROFESIONALNIH ODLUKA I PROFESIONALNA ADAPTABILNOST UČENIKA SREDNJIH ŠKOLA U HRVATSKOJ

Toni Babarović, Iva Šverko

Apstrakt


U ovoj studiji ispitivali smo profesionalni razvoj učenika srednjih škola u Hrvatskoj. Razvoj karijere počinje već u ranoj adolescenciji, a tijekom srednje škole učenici moraju donijeti važne profesionalne odluke. Zato smo usporedili učenike prvih i četvrtih razreda srednjih škola (n1.raz = 309, n4.raz = 492) u nekoliko aspekata njihove profesionalne zrelosti. Sudionici su ispunili papir-olovka mjere koje se odnose na ostvarenje zadataka konstrukcije karijere (SCCI), poteškoće u donošenju profesionalnih odluka (CDDQ) te profesionalnu adaptabilnost (CAAS). Rezultati su ukazali na adekvatnu pouzdanost i strukturalnu valjanost svih mjera. Stariji studenti iskazali su nešto veći stupanj profesionalne zrelosti mjeren subskalama Istraživanje zanimanja, Donošenje profesionalnih odluka te Stjecanje potrebnog obrazovanja upitnika SCCI. Male dobne razlike primijećene su i u subskalama Nedostatak spremnosti, Nedostatak informacija i Nekonzistentne informacije upitnika CDDQ, gdje su mlađi učenici očekivano iskazali više poteškoća u donošenju profesionalnih odluka. Porast profesionalne adaptabilnosti primijećen je samo za skalu Briga za budućnost upitnika CAAS, ukazujući kako se profesionalna adaptabilnost ne mijenja bitno tijekom srednje škole. Također, moderacijski efekt spola na dobne razlike u profesionalnoj zrelosti vrlo je mali, te ukazuje da se profesionalni razvoj u srednjoškolskoj dobi odvija jednako za djevojke i mladiće. Porast profesionalne zrelosti tijekom srednje škole je mali i ukazuje kako učenici četvrtih razreda ne realiziraju sve predviđene zadatke u konstrukciji karijere te se i dalje suočavaju s poteškoćama u donošenju profesionalnih odluka. Stoga je vrlo važno implementirati programe poticanja profesionalne zrelosti u hrvatske srednje škole, kako bi se svim učenicima omogućio bolji profesionalni razvoj i osnažilo ih se za donošenje važnih profesionalnih odluka.

Ključne reči


konstrukcija karijere, profesionalna adaptabilnost, profesionalna zrelost, poteškoće u donošenju profesionalnih odluka, adolescenti

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/pp.2016.4.429-448

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