INTIMNE VEZE U KONTEKSTU: ODNOS VANJSKOG STRESA, SAMOEFIKASNOSTI U INTIMNOM ODNOSU I ZADOVOLJSTVA VEZOM

Ivana Bahun, Aleksandra Huić

Apstrakt


U novije vrijeme istraživanja su pokazala da je stres doživljen izvan partnerskog odnosa negativno povezan s procenama različitih ishoda intimne veze, kao što je zadovoljstvo vezom. Međutim, točni mehanizmi putem kojih ovaj fenomen, poznat pod nazivom stress spillover ili prelevanje stresa, ostvaruje svoj uticaj nisu u potpunosti razjašnjeni. Osim toga, većina istraživanja sprovedena je na bračnim parovima, dok se manje zna o njegovim efektima unutar hodanja. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati odnos između vanjskog stresa, percepcije samoefikasnosti u intimnom odnosu i zadovoljstva vezom na prelasku u odraslu dob. U istraživanju je sudelovalo ukupno 390 osoba u dobi između 18 i 35 godina, koje su u vezi duljoj od šest mjeseci, a ne žive s partnerom. Ispitani su izvori vanjskog stresa, stupanj percipiranog stresa, doživljaj samoefikasnosti u intimnom odnosu, zadovoljstvo vezom i neke karakteristike veze. Rezultati su pokazali da je stres doživljen izvan partnerskog odnosa negativno povezan sa zadovoljstvom vezom. I izraženost izvora vanjskog stresa i percipirani stres značajno pridonose objašnjavanju zadovoljstva vezom. Rezultati upućuju na posredujući učinak osjećaja samoefikasnosti u intimnom odnosu na povezanost između izvora vanjskog stresa i percipiranog stresa te zadovoljstva vezom. Što je više izvora vanjskog stresa i percipiranog stresa, to je procena samoefikasnosti u intimnom odnosu manja, a manja samoefikasnost povezana je s manjim zadovoljstvom vezom. Nalazi ukazuju na važnost samoregulacije za procese koji se odvijaju unutar intimnih odnosa na prelasku odraslu dob. Čini se kako niža samoefikasnost u intimnom odnosu pomaže objasniti negativne učinke prelevanja vanjskog stresa u partnerski odnos.


Ključne reči


partnerski odnosi, kontekst, prelijevanje stresa, samoefikasnost u intimnom odnosu, zadovoljstvo vezom

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19090/pp.2017.1.5-16

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