Applied Psychology http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs/ Applied Psychology Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu en-US Applied Psychology 1821-0147 INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS IN CONTEXT: STRESS SPILLOVER, RELATIONSHIP EFFICACY, AND RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1971 <p>Recently, research has shown that stress experienced outside the relationship is negatively associated with relationship outcomes, such as relationship satisfaction. However, the exact mechanisms through which this phenomenon, also known as stress spillover, effects relationships are not completely clarified. Also, most of the studies utilized married couples, and less is known about stress spillover in dating relationships. The aim of this study was to investigate relations between external stress, relationship efficacy, and relationship satisfaction in dating relationships. A total number of 390 men and women, aged from 18 to 35 participated in the study. Our participants were dating for at least six months, but did not live with their partners. The results showed that experiencing greater levels of external stress was associated with lower relationship satisfaction. Both experienced external sources of stress and perceived distress significantly contributed to explaining relationship satisfaction. The results indicated that relationship efficacy mediateed the relationship between experienced and perceived stress and relationship satisfaction. Higher levels of experienced and perceived stress were associated with lower perception of relationship efficacy, which was related to lower relationship satisfaction. Our findings point to the importance of self-regulation processes for relationships outcomes in dating relationships in emerging adulthood. It seems that lower relationship efficacy partly explains the detrimental effects of external stress spillover on relationships. </p> Ivana Bahun Aleksandra Huić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 5 16 10.19090/pp.2017.1.5-16 EFFECTS OF MARITAL LOCUS OF CONTROL ON PERCEPTION OF MARITAL QUALITY AMONG WIVES http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1972 In order to determine the associations between marital locus of control and marital quality, and also the extent to which this association is moderated by the duration of marriage and marital instability, we examined 1821 wives, 19 to 75 years old. Marital locus of control was measured by the Perceived Efficacy in Solving Intimate Conflict Scale<strong><em> </em></strong>(Fincham &amp; Bradbury, 1987), marital instability was measured by the Martial Instability Index (Booth, Johnson, &amp; Edwards, 1983) and perceived quality of marriage was measured by the Dyadic Adjustment Scale – DAS (Spanier, 1976). The data were analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis. The dependent variables were four DAS subscales (Dyadic Consensus, Dyadic Satisfaction, Affective Expression, and Dyadic Cohesion), and the predictors were entered hierarchically; step 1 included duration of marriage, step 2 assessment of marital instability, and step 3 included perceived efficacy in solving intimate conflicts. The results show that the experience of personal effectiveness in solving marital conflicts among wives is a good indicator of marital satisfaction, and also of the consensus on matters of importance to marital functioning. On the other hand, marital locus of control is not as good indicator of marital cohesion and affective expression between spouses as it is the case with Dyadic Satisfaction and Consensus. Assessment of marital instability to some extent increases the understanding of different aspects of the marital quality, while the contribution of the duration of marriage, although statistically significant, is practically negligible. Jelena Šakotić-Kurbalija Dragan Kurbalija Jovana Jestrović Ivana Mihić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 17 36 10.19090/pp.2017.1.17-36 SERBIAN ADAPTATION OF THE BRAND PERSONALITY SCALE (BPS): AN APPLICATION TO TOURISM DESTINATIONS http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1973 The main aim of this research was to validate a Serbian adaptation of the Brand Personality Scale (BPS: Aaker, 1997) while applying it to tourist destinations. The BPS was developed as a measure of five personality traits of any kind of brand: Sincerity, Excitement, Competence, Sophistication, and Ruggedness. In the first study that was carried out on 192 (76% female) tourists from student population, exploratory factor analysis of the BPS resulted in a four-factor structure: Competence, Excitement, Sophistication, and Sincerity. The factor Ruggedness was not extracted in this study. In the second study that was carried out on 490 (56% females)tourists from general population, the confirmatory factor analysis was applied in order to validate the four–factor solution from the first study. Results indicated that this solution, with certain allocations and reductions of items, reached a satisfactory fit. The factors Excitement and Sincerity mainly matched the same factors from the original Aaker’s model, while the factors Competence and Sophistication had somewhat different structure. The factor Excitement represented destination as vibrant, energetic, and youthful, while the factor Sincerity represented destination as honest, warm, and welcome. The factor Competence represented a successful and technically modern destination. It retained only two items from the original model (<em>technical</em> and <em>leader</em>), but the rest of items captured the same aspect of destination, such as contemporary and glamorous destination in which upper class status were featured. The factor Sophistication also retained only two items from the original model (<em>feminine </em>and <em>good-looking</em>), which were related to physical attractiveness and appearance, but the rest of the items captured skilled and industrious destination. It seems that sophisticated destinations are those that strongly rely on physical appearance to achieve success. It could be concluded that there is a cultural specificity in describing the tourist destinations. Tamara Jovanović Sanja Božić Bojana Dinić Nebojša Majstorović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 37 61 10.19090/pp.2017.1.37-61 OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND MENTAL HEALTH IN THE POPULATION OF POLICE OFFICERS: META-ANALYTIC STUDY http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1974 <p>The aim of the present meta-analytic study was to quantitatively integrate findings from single studies investigating correlations between occupational stress and mental health within population of police officers. Included studies are quantitative correlational studies, published in English. Acceptable scientific sources were studies published in journals (excluding review papers) for the last 15 years. This meta-analysis included 10 papers with 10 studies and 4180 examinees from the  population of police officers. Random-effects meta-analysis model was used. Average effect size, expressed by Pearson correlation coefficient, was .37 and it can be interpreted as moderate. Moderator effects of time when a study was published and the impact factor of the journal where a study was published were obtained, except that there was no significant interaction of these two moderators. The obtained average effect size should be considered as preliminary, due to certain study limitations. </p> Bojan Veljković ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 63 80 10.19090/pp.2017.1.63-80 ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH FRAMEWORK: PREDICTING EMPLOYEE WELL-BEING AND ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1975 <p>The organisational health framework represents a turning point in the field of occupational stress research because it focuses simultaneously on both individual indicators of stress and well-being, and the indicators of organisational performance. The main aim of this study was to test whether positive and negative experiences at work can predict some of the organisational health indicators, such as burnout, work engagement, organisational citizenship behavior, and turnover intentions. A total number of 477 employees (average age 39 years), permanently employed in 18 companies in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia, filled in the following questionnaires: the Positive and Negative Experiences Scale (PNWES), the Work Burnout Scale (WB), the Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), the Serbian Affect Inventory (SIAB-PANAS), the shortened Oragnisational Commitment Scale (OCS), as well as the Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Scale (OCBS), and the Turnover Intentions scale (NNO). Results of the structural equations modelling showed that hypothetical model had good fit indices and that relationships between variables were in the expected direction. It was demonstrated that positive work experiences increased directly work engagement and, indirectly, organisational citizenship behaviour. On the other hand, negative work experiences were found to increase burnout, and indirectly, turnover intentions. Commitment was proved to be the central mediator in the model. The theoretical and practical implications of the organisational health framework were discussed.<strong></strong></p> Boris Popov Sara Raković Dragana Jelić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 81 101 10.19090/pp.2017.1.81-101 MODERATOR ROLE OF NATIONAL CULTURE IN RELATIONS BETWEEN THE DIMENSIONS OF THE FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY MODEL AND ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1976 <p>The aim of this study was to examine the predictive contribution of the dimensions of the Five-factor personality model to the organizational citizenship behaviour of employees, and to test the moderator role of the national culture in relations between the dimensions of personality and organizational citizenship behaviour using the framework of the national cultures of the Republic of Srpska and Austria. The Big Five Inventory and the Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Questionnaire were applied on the sample consisting of 651 employees, of whom 332 were from the Republic of Srpska and 319 from Austria. Results of the hierarchical regression analyses indicated significant positive effects of pleasure, conscientiousness, and openness to the organizational citizenship behaviour of employees, whereby conscientiousness made the highest individual contribution to the organizational citizenship behaviour. The obtained results also showed that the national culture represented an important moderator between conscientiousness and organizational citizenship behaviour, and it proved that the positive effect of conscientiousness on organizational citizenship behaviour was stronger in  the employees from Austria than in the employees from the Republic of Srpska. Finally, the obtained results show that the national culture has also an important direct effect on the organizational citizenship behaviour of employees, and that the employees from the Republic of Srpska are more prone to the organizational citizenship behaviour than the employees from Austria. The results have significant practical implications for the selection procedures in order to improve the organizational citizenship behaviour.</p> Biljana Mirković Svetlana Čizmić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 103 117 10.19090/pp.2017.1.103-117 DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SERBIAN LIFE EVENTS CHECK-LIST – STUDENT FORM (SLEC-SF) http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs//article/view/1977 The main goal of the present research was to examine the predictive and convergent validity of the newly developed Serbian Life Events Check-list – Student Form (SLEF-SF; Gavrilov-Jerković, Žuljević, Jovanović i Brdarić, 2012). The SLEC-SF consists of 54 life events, experienced over a 6-month period. Participants rate the valence (positive or negative) and intensity of each event. Data from four waves of an 18-month longitudinal study were used in the present research (the sample size ranges from 787 to 1061 undergraduate students). The average number of total life events reported by participants over a 6-month period was in a range between 3.91 and 4.78, with negative life events being more frequent (range between 2.89 and 3.61). The relationship between the total number of negative life events and subjective well-being indicators was stronger when measured at the same point in time, as compared with the prospective relationships. In addition, the relationship between dependent stressful life events and subjective well-being was stronger than the relationship between independent stressful life events and subjective well-being when measured cross-sectionally, but not when measured prospectively. The advantages and limitations of the scale, as well as the recommendations for future research were discussed in the paper. Milica Lazić Vesna Gavrilov-Jerković Veljko Jovanović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-03-28 2017-03-28 10 1 119 140 10.19090/pp.2017.1.119-140